Due to the geographical location of Turkey, it is exposed to the convergence of tectonic plates with the Eurasian plates, which explains the country's exposure to many earthquakes; The most prominent of which is the earthquake in Turkey in 1999 called Marmara, which struck the states of Istanbul, Sakarya, and Kocaeli, especially the Izmit region, which recorded the largest number of victims. Which prompted the government to impose earthquake-resistant buildings and earthquake insurance in Turkey.
Earthquake-proof structure designs aim to protect buildings from earthquakes to varying degrees. After all, it is impossible to completely protect buildings from damage caused by an earthquake because it is considered a strong earthquake and nothing can be stopped. Earthquake-resistant buildings are based on structures that protect better than their traditional counterparts during seismic activity.
While no facility can be adequately protected from damage caused by earthquakes, the goal of earthquake-proof buildings is to build facilities that perform better than their conventional counterparts during seismic activity and withstand the strongest earthquake likely to occur at their site and reduce the loss of life using Preventing building collapse due to rare earthquakes.
In old buildings, we find that architects were building prominent structures that resist earthquakes. Currently, several earthquake protection mechanisms have been developed, using experimental results and computer simulations as well as observations from previous earthquakes to counter future earthquakes.
Earthquake-resistant buildings are based on seismic isolation rules and the use of modern technologies to control vibrations and reduce damage and deformations that may affect buildings.
There are many earthquake-resistant buildings in Istanbul, which purchased real estate in Turkey a stimulating and encouraging thing for foreigners, as the Turkish state is working on continuous updates to building laws and so to make buildings safer and in the same context, the Turkish government binds all real estate owners in Turkey It was also kind to pay the mandatory earthquake insurance tax every year.
As we said before, the engineering sector in the world is changing great efforts to innovate new technologies for earthquake-resistant buildings. Among the fruits of these efforts is the establishment of buildings more resistant to earthquakes by respecting the following standards:
Designing earthquake-resistant buildings by providing building support through the technology of connecting roofs and walls with a solid square so that it remains stable in the event of an earthquake
The second technology concerns skyscrapers as they are built on separate foundations, consisting of springs, cylinders, and metal balls.
The foundations of the building are one of the most important characteristics of buildings that are resistant to earthquakes. They must be strong, and they must be built on suitable soil and kept away from dirt or sandy areas.
If the length of the building exceeds 50 meters, the expansion and descending joints shall be placed on the upper floors and the seismic joints shall be placed. This is done to preserve the integrity of the building in the event of an earthquake.
In the same context, the government is working to impose insurance to compensate for the material damage caused by the earthquake.
Insurance includes house foundations, main walls, and partitions, ceilings and floors, as well as stairs and elevators in the event of an earthquake.
The tax rate is usually two dollars per square meter. Paid annually with other taxes.
At the end of 2020, an earthquake struck and did not leave any collapses in earthquake-resistant buildings, which prompted many owners of old buildings to buy new apartments in Istanbul.